Let’s review quickly what we have covered so far in this unit.
- Repetition of words—Look for words and phrases that repeat.
- Contrasts—Look for ideas, individuals, and/or items that are contrasted with each other.
- Comparisons—Look for ideas, individuals, and/or items that are compared with each other. Look also for similarities.
- Lists—Note where the text mentions more than two items.
- Cause and effect—There may be more than one effect from a single cause mentioned in the text.
- Figures of speech—Look for expressions that convey an image,using words in a sense other than the literal sense.
- Conjunctions—Notice terms that join units, like “and,” “but,” “for.” Note what they are connecting.
- Verbs—Note whether a verb is past, present, or future; active or passive; also look for imperatives.
- Pronouns—Identify the antecedent for each pronoun.